A combination of prevention, early identification, and treatment is necessary for a significant decrease in noncommunicable disease mortality
The morbidity and mortality caused by NCDs compromise women's sociocultural position in communities and have an effect on their health and development throughout their lives.Tobacco usage, harmful alcohol use, poor food, physical inactivity, and indoor and ambient pollution exposure for women and girls differs from that for men and boys, frequently due to the stigma and societal norms. About 37 percent of adult men and 9 percent of adult women smoke in the world. The exposure and vulnerability to NCD risk factors varies between men and women. Compared to men, women are much more likely to be obese. Overweight or obesity is a severe health concern and is associated with a number of NCDs. An increased risk of morbidity, disability, and death is linked to it. Increased cardiovascular occurrences, such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, and several cancers, including breast cancer in postmenopausal women, endometrial cancer, colon and kidney cancer, are major risk factors for mortality. Women have, on average, more NCD risk factors than males do, due to risk factors like obesity and inactivity, that have been shown to be more common in women than in men. High healthcare costs, lost productivity, and catastrophic expenses are brought on by NCD. Women make up the bulk of the world's poor, and they are the group least able to afford NCD treatment.
Increased cardiovascular occurrences, such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, Type 2 diabetes, and several cancers, including breast cancer in postmenopausal women, endometrial cancer, colon and kidney cancer, are major risk factors for mortality.The vulnerability and health of a woman's children are also impacted by her own health. The risk of undernutrition, low birthweight, and greater susceptibility to NCDs in adulthood are all enhanced in children born to malnourished mothers. So, the wellbeing of women is vital to that of future generations. NCDs are acknowledged as a significant public health concern in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, target 3.4 of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 calls for a reduction in early NCD mortality of one third by 2030. Target 3.4 of the SDG 3 will be met in 35 countries (19 percent for women and 16 percent for men), with a one-third reduction in the probability of dying between the ages of 30 and 70 from cancers, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes, compared to 2015 levels. A combination of prevention, early identification, and treatment is necessary for a significant decrease in NCD mortality to reach the SDG 3.4 targets. There is a need for gender sensitive health policies that provide for health insurance and social security to women. To bring about the transformative changes, investment and committments are needed on a global and national scale.
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Dr. Shoba Suri is a Senior Fellow with ORFsRead More +